The Plain Tiger (Danaus chrysippus) or – outside Asia – African Monarch is a common butterfly which is widespread in Asia and Africa. It belongs to the danaine (“Crows and Tigers”) subfamily of the brushfooted butterfly family Nymphalidae.
It is believed to be one of the first butterflies to be used in art. A 3500 year old Egyptian fresco in Luxor features the oldest illustration of this species.
The Plain Tiger can be considered the archetypical danaine of India. Accordingly, this species has been studied with in greater detail than other members of its subfamily occurring in India.